Model 13323 dual blackbody, all reflective background IR target projector is used to characterize WFOV IR sensor systems. It features a broadband, 3 to 14 micron range, reflective IR target technology for the most accurate and stable differential targets, controlled background radiance, a 5º FOV with 36º uniform background.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Broadband, 3 to 14 microns
Reflective IR target technology for the most accurate and stable differential targets
Controlled background radiance
Folded optical path incorporating reflected background
5º FOV with 36º uniform background
Supports all standard IR system level tests
Manual and automated operation

Reflective vs Emissive
The state of the art has progressed quite quickly over the last decade in the field of IR imagers. Better thermal and spatial resolution have placed greater demands on the test systems used to characterize these imagers. Higher frequency targets that are thermally stable and uniform are needed to properly test the full capabilities of today’s imaging systems. Standard IR target projectors use emissive targets that cannot provide the level of performance required.

Limitations of standard target projectors
Two basic issues exist with emissive targets, the inability to fabricate targets with a uniform emissivity and the uncharacterized and unstable temperature gradients across the target and target holder (target wheel, etc.).

Non-uniform Emissivity
A coating with a high structural content is applied to emissive targets to provide a low reflectance, high emissivity surface. Structural content is a component in creating high emissivity surfaces. In most applications this coating works well and is the industry standard.  High resolution cameras now have the capability to resolve this structure and therefore the non-uniformity it can introduce across the target.
Un-even or inconsistent application of the coating is another source of non-uniformity that limits the performance of the emissive targets.

Temperature Gradients
The standard emissive targets are manufactured with “holes” cut through pieces of thin metal either by an etching process or laser cutting. The thin metal pieces or target masks are then mounted to a target frame. This assembly is then mounted into a target wheel or holder. Thermal mass varies greatly from the center of the target (target pattern) to the edge of the target frame and even more to the edge of the target wheel or target holder. As ambient temperature changes, even by small amounts (±2ºC is very good for a typical laboratory environment) thermal non-uniformities will become apparent in the target. The low thermal mass of the center of the target will change temperature faster than the higher thermal mass of the target frame, target wheel or target holder. The temperature sensor used to monitor the target temperature will not track the temperature gradient in the target and will provide inaccurate temperature measurements to the controller. The net result is a thermally non-uniform and unstable target.  These problems have always been present in the standard target projectors, they were not understood or characterized until recently.
The thermal and emissivity problems inherent in a target projector that uses emissive targets create unacceptable uncertainties when trying to test high performance thermal imagers. Both of these problems are eliminated with the use of the SBIR reflective target technology.

Reflective Focal Plane/Reflective Target Technology
The 13323 utilizes a large aperture, wide field of view off-axis collimator design that incorporates a unique tilted focal plane. The tilt in the focal plane allows the use of reflective targets that reflect a uniform, controlled background (blackbody) into the scene.
Temperature uniformity of the target is no longer important. The reflective target reflects background radiance from a uniform and stable background blackbody to the UUT.
Non-uniformity due to structure on the surface of the target is not an issue with reflective targets. The surface of the reflective target is essentially a mirror and the background blackbody is mounted out of focus in the optical system so the plate is “blurred,” effectively removing any small local non-uniformities.  A thermal sensor is mounted directly in the background blackbody making background energy calibration very easy and extremely accurate.

Collimator Type

Off-Axis Newtonian



Clear Aperture Size

9 inches

Focal Length

30 inches



OAP Coating

Protected Aluminum



OAP Surface Accuracy at 633 nm

1/8 Wave



Target Wheel

12 Position, 3″ Diameter, 0.001″ Positional Repeabability



Blackbody Sizes

4” & 6” sources



Standard Temperature Range A

-25ºC to +75ºC ΔT, 0ºC to 100ºC Absolute



Emissivity (Average)

> 0.970 (3µm to 5.5µm), > 0.950 (8µm to 14µm)




>98% of Tset – Tambient or 0.10ºC whichever is greater, over 90% of the emitting surface area



Absolute Accuracy

±0.010ºC for 0ºC<T<50ºC or ±0.0005 (T-25) elsewhere

Differential Accuracy

±√[(T1 error)2+(T2 error)2] where error is ±0.010ºC

for 0ºC<T<50ºC and ±(T-25)(0.0005) elsewhere




σT≤0.001ºC (0ºC to 50ºC), σT≤0.002ºC (-40ºC to 0ºC and 50ºC to 100ºC),
σT≤0.003ºC (110ºC to 175ºC)



Display Resolution

0.001ºC or 0.0001ºC

Setpoint Resolution


Ready Indicator Selectable

±0.001ºC to ±5.000ºC







Approximate Heating Rate

+0.40ºC/sec. at 25ºC

Approximate Cooling Rate

-0.20ºC/sec. at 25ºC

Settling Time

<45 seconds







Operating Temperature

0˚C to 50˚C

Storage Temperature

-20˚C to 70˚C

Relative Humidity

5% to 95%, non-condensing

Power Requirements

100-120/220-240 VAC at 60/50Hz

Maximum Power Consumption

850W-1600W depending on size and temperature range

Approximate Blackbody Weight

DB-04—15 lbs., DB-06—25.0 lbs., DB-08—40.0 lbs., DB-12—50 lbs.

Approximate Controller Weight

15.0 lbs.


  1. 1)Slew rate for 4” model shown. Slew rates vary depending on blackbody size and environmental conditions

* Specifications subject to change without prior notice

Please contact the SBIR sales team at (805) 965-3669 or for applications engineering assistance or specific test needs.

Please contact the SBIR sales team at (805) 965-3669 or for applications engineering assistance or specific test needs.

Information subject to change without notice.